The editorial

di Fabio Lagonia

“Marveling at everything is the first step of reason towards discovery.” In this sentence by Louis Pasteur is condensed the backbone of our new issue, whose cover is dedicated to Venice, a magical place that despite being universally recognized for its unattainable charm can continue to surprise those who have new eyes to see: there is in fact another Venice, which can be discovered in the evening, when the river of tourists in constant flow dries up, leaving the streets to its inhabitants.On the opposite side of the country there is Zungri, just two thousand souls and forty cave-houses, which only recently have been “discovered” and framed in the right historical-cultural dimension. Yet they have always existed! The invention of the movable type printing with which Gutenberg opened the doors to modernity has aroused similar wonder, more than five centuries ago: we talk about it on 23 February, a date that traditionally indicates the birth of the first book printed in Europe. Sometimes “discoveries” can also relate to historical facts held under guilty silence for sixty years; this is the case of the foibas and the drama that struck the Italians of the Eastern Adriatic at the end of World War II: 10 February is the Day of Remembrance that, although belatedly, the State has formalized with a special law. Because telling the truth and remembering it is a civil duty. Then there are some recent stories that reveal how much beauty we risk losing or we have already lost: we are invaded by plastic to the point that in the Pacific the accumulation of this material has created an artificial island five times bigger than Italy! And while the planet is covered by water for 71% of its surface, it is dramatically paradoxical to imagine that hundreds of millions of people do not access it in spite of others that waste abundantly. This too is a “discovery” that must lead us to change course, to improve our behavior. Because we have to decide to continue to surprise us for wonderful “discoveries”, the result of a critical spirit, of beauty, of passions. Yes, because – as Cesare Pavese would say – “as long as you have passions you will not stop discovering the world.”